Cystitis Information

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Interstitial cystitis is a recurrent, chronic, bladder problem that often causes pain and urinary discomfort, as well as renders the patient into a state of chronic urinary need. Often mistaken for urinary tract infections or painful bladder syndromes by patients, cystitis is one of the more common chronic urinary problems faced by Americans. It can often lead to embarrassing moments of incontinence, interrupted sleep patterns, and painful bladder cramping.

A few children and men have experienced the chronic discomfort of cystitis, but over 90% of case belong to women. The long lasting adverse effects on the quality of a patient’s life often send patients to their physician in hopes that another round of antibiotics may help. Because it is not a bacterial infection, antibiotics are useless. Many patients will experience periods of remission. However, there is no cure for interstitial cystitis. Programs, therapies, and medications are all aimed at improving bladder control and improving the quality of a patient’s life.

There are a wide variety of symptoms, in random combinations, that may or may not affect individual patients. Sometimes one patient has all the symptoms while others have only one or two. Other patients may experience different symptoms at different times, depending on the state of their cystitis aggravation.

Symptoms may include a chronic need to urinate, frequent urination that yields only small amounts of urine but leaves the patient feeling as though they still have to urinate, pelvic pain or pain between the vagina and the anus known as suprapubic pain, pelvic pain during sexual intercourse, painful ejaculations in males, and chronic pain. The symptoms associated with interstitial cystitis are very similar to those with a chronic urinary tract infection. Urine cultures, however, will come back negative time and again.

The cause of interstitial cystitis is relatively simple and somewhat mysterious. The bladder is a hollow balloon like organ that fills with fluid as a waste material. As the bladder fills, it sends a message to the brain that tells the human it is time to urinate. Patients afflicted with cystitis receive mixed signals to the brain. The bladder sends the message indicating the need for urination almost constantly, which results in small amounts of urine production. Why these signals get confused is a mystery. Sometimes even during the act of urination the bladder still sends the signal that urination is required. Some patients will find themselves trying to urinate right after they have finished urinating, leading to a frustrating cycle that prevents them from being able to satisfy their urge or to confidently walk away from the toilet.


There has been evidence to suggest that patients with interstitial cystitis also may have a small tear or defect in the lining of the bladder’s epithelium. This may create a situation for chronic irritation and even infection to develop as toxic substances leak through the lining. In cases like these, diagnosis is even more difficult because antibiotics clear up any infection, which takes care of about ½ of the symptoms.

There are theories regarding additional possible sources of interstitial cystitis such as autoimmune deficiencies, hereditary issues, infections, and allergic reactions. However, these causes are still theoretical and none of it has been proven.

Risk factors for interstitial cystitis include gender (females are most often affected while males are rarely affected,) age, and additional chronic disorders. Most patients receive their diagnosis between the ages of 30 and 40. Patients with irritable bowel syndrome and fibromyalgia are also more likely to suffer from interstitial cystitis.

Diagnosis of interstitial cystitis is usually complicated and a rather long process. Like many diseases, it reflects the symptoms of other disorders that can easily be confused. There are some tests that can help determine whether interstitial cystitis is the cause of the physical discomfort including urine tests to rule out infections, potassium sensitivity tests, cystoscopy to rule out other possible causes of pain, and even the occasional biopsy.

Cystitis often affects personal relationships, intimacy, and leads to depression. The general quality of life suffers from a chronic need to urinate and the chronic pain suffered by the victims.

Nerve stimulation using a TENS unit has helped some patients regain control over their bladder and reduce pain. Oral medications aimed at relieving the chronic need to urinate and reduce pain have also helped some patients reclaim their life. A surgical procedure called a bladder distention can offer temporary relief from symptoms. In rare cases, surgical options such as partial or total removal of the bladder may help, but not always. Physicians rarely take this route and it is not recommended unless all other forms of therapy have failed to change even a small portion of the problem.

Cystitis medications for sale



250/125mg, 500/125mg, 750/250mg
Augmentin is a penicillin antibiotic that contains a amalgamation of clavulanate potassium and amoxicillin. On one hand, amoxicillin is an antibiotic in a family of drugs called penicillins. It mostly fights bacteria in the body in order to treat bacterial infections and the like. On the other hand, clavulanate potassium is a form of clavulanic acid that is similar to penicillin. Clavulanate potassium treats bacterial infections that are frequently resilient to penicillins and other antibiotics.


250mg, 500mg
Also generically prescribed as cefaclor, Ceclor is typically used to a treat a variety of bacterial infections, including but not limited to urinary tract infections, ear infection, skin infections, tooth infections, tonsillitis, and bronchitis. Ceclor is a cephalosporin antibiotic.


1000mg, 250mg, 500mg, 750mg
The antibiotic Cipro can also be generically prescribed as ciprofloxacin, and is part of the group of medications known clinically as fluoroquinolones. Cipro is most often used to treat bacterial infections in the body, as antibiotics are ineffective at treating other types of infections such as viral or fungal infections.


100mg, 200mg, 400mg
Floxin can be generically prescribed as ofloxacin and is part of the family of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones. Floxin is commonly used to fight bacterial infections in the body such as Chlamydia, bronchitis, pneumonia, gonorrhea, skin infections, and urinary tract infections. Floxin is only used to fight bacterial infections as antibiotics are inappropriate for fighting fungal or viral infections.


250mg, 500mg
Keflex, which is generically prescribed as cephalexin, is commonly used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Infections such as skin infections, ear infections, urinary tract infections and upper respiratory infections have been proven to effectively be treated by Keflex. Keflex is a member of the antibiotic family known as cephalosporin antibiotics. Antibiotics should be taken for the entire length of time prescribed by the physician in order to effectively treat the infection.


250mg, 500mg, 750mg
Levaquin is often generically prescribed as levofloxacin and can be used to treat pneumonia, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, bronchitis, skin infections, urinary tract infections, and other bacterial infections. Levaquin is in a class of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones. Levaquin should be taken for the entire length of time it has been prescribed, otherwise the infection is likely to come back more aggressively than before.


Noroxin is an antibacterial drug with the generic name norfloxacin manufactured by Merck & Co. It comes in 400mg tablets and is used to treat bacterial infection such as various urinary tract infections such as cystitis and prostatitis, stomach and intestinal infections, and sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea. Noroxin does not work on viral infections and should only be used to treat and prevent bacterial infections.


100mg, 200mg
Vantin, which can be generically prescribed as cefpodoxime, is commonly used to treat bacterial infections in the body. Vantin is a member of the family of antibiotics known as cephalosporins. Vantin is ineffective on infections caused by fungi or viruses. While not restricted to common uses, the common uses included using Vantin to fight ear infections, skin infections, pneumonia, sinus infections, tonsillitis, urinary tract infections, bronchitis, and gonorrhea.